In this groundbreaking book Dr. Devdutt Pattanaik, one of India’s most popular mythologists, seeks an answer to paradoxes in Hindu religion. He retells sacred Hindu stories and decodes Hindu symbols and rituals, using a unique style of commentary, illustrations, and diagrams. We discover why the villainous Kauravas went to heaven and the virtuous Pandavas (all except Yudhishthira) were sent to hell; why Rama despite abandoning the innocent Sita remains the model king; why the blood-drinking Kali is another form of the milk-giving Gauri and why Shiva wrenched off the fifth head of Brahma. Constructed over generations, Hindu myths serve as windows to the soul, and provide an understanding of the world around us. The aim of Myth=Mithya is not to outgrow myth, but to be enriched and empowered by its ancient, potent and still relevant language.